of Education in Kuwait
development of the Kuwaiti educational system can be largely attributed to the
wealth that oil has brought to the country. At the turn of the 20th
Century, there were very few educational
facilities in the country. A small number of Quranic schools known as Al-Katatib
taught reading, writing, and some arithmetic. There was no public education
for the first part of the century and funding for education came mainly from Kuwaits
wealthier private citizens.
government took control of education in 1939 and had begun 17 schools by 1945.
As oil production picked up in the post-World War II era, the government began
investing large sums of money into social services, and education was one of its
top priorities. By 1960, there were about 45,000 students enrolled in the
Kuwaiti educational system, including 18,000 girls.
the 1960s, there were several more advances in education. The constitution
of 1962 stipulates that education is assured and promoted by the State, thus reflecting
the belief that education is a fundamental right of all citizens. Schooling
was first made compulsory in 1965, and in 1967 a private school system re-emerged
with the help of considerable government subsidies